There is just no way Nepali Congress and CPN-UML top leaders can justify the protracted wrangling over who authenticates the draft of the new constitution with a straight face. As we have maintained all along, this essentially is a non-issue. After the constitution is finalized by the sovereign CA, it really does not make any difference who authenticates the final document. It’s just a matter of putting down a signature, no more. The reason this issue has been blown out of proportion has partly to do with both the parties wanting to take credit for promulgating the new constitution, and partly with the zero-sum mentality of the two sets of leaders, whereby conceding even small ground is seen as a colossal loss. Most damagingly, this unseemly (and unwarranted) row has delayed the finalization of the CA Rules of Procedure (that among other things will mention who authenticates the new statute), which in turn has hindered all the CA-related tasks.
After delving into an uncomplimentary question as to whether Nepal will survive, it is my bounden duty to explore how Nepalis, as suggested by one reader, should thrive in the 21st century. This question has been a kind of obsession of mine for the last 37 years that foreign employment has been a part of Nepali destiny. It was in the midst of a public debate in those days on the so-called brain drain that many people spoke with great hullaballoo.
I, for one, even back in 1977, stood in support of those who sought and opted to work abroad, for better financial deals and other facilities. Incidentally, in 1983 I too crashed into a job in Saudi Arabia where I worked for two years, which indeed helped me improve my family’s economic wellbeing. More than financial incentive, it made me firmly believe that Nepalis can take to, as I did, the uncustomary climate, society and working environment in good humor and thrive with basically two qualities—hard work and honesty.
Around the world, there is enormous enthusiasm for the type of technological innovation symbolized by Silicon Valley. In this view, America’s ingenuity represents its true comparative advantage, which others strive to imitate. But there is a puzzle: it is difficult to detect the benefits of this innovation in GDP statistics.
What is happening today is analogous to developments a few decades ago, early in the era of personal computers. In 1987, economist Robert Solow—awarded the Nobel Prize for his pioneering work on growth—lamented that “You can see the computer age everywhere but in the productivity statistics.” There are several possible explanations for this.
Cyber crime is broadly known as the computer crime or ‘information technology crime’ or ‘high-tech crime’. Any cybercrime must have one of two elements, i.e. illegal action involving computer systems either as an instrument or a target of a crime. This means computer systems must be of central importance for the criminal act. Apart from computer system being instrument, incidental role played by the computer system can also be considered cyber crime.
Cyber crime may comprise modern techno offences such as hacking, unauthorized access and piracy. But it can also consist of traditional offenses such as theft, fraud and forgery. Cyber crimes in the context of Nepal are online gambling, blackmailing emails, use of techno-communication means for purchase/sales of illegal objects, defamation against people in cyberspace, public advertisement of the content that is considered illegal to be advertised and other related offences. Computer related crimes are committed across cyberspace and do not stop at conventional state-borders. Technology has made people able to inflict harm upon the world with little risk of fear. It allows for experimenting new modus operandi of crimes.