Page last updated at 2015-03-02 20:47:55 RSS
  OPINION
DOTS And Doníts
REPUBLICA
Anti-microbial resistance

“A post-antibiotic era,” a 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) report warned, “in which common infections and minor injuries can kill… is a very real possibility for the 21st century.” Consider Nepal’s Direct Observation and Treatment Short-course (DOTS) program against tuberculosis, which once served as a model for other parts of the developing world. But according to National Tuberculosis Center, more and more TB patients in Nepal are not responding to the once foolproof DOTS program. Multi-drug resistant TB (MDRTB) is now seen in 2.2 percent of all new cases and in 18 percent of relapse cases in Nepal; and one in four patients with drug resistant TB dies. Likewise, half the new cases of acute respiratory infections and almost all cases of bacterial diarrhea are now resistant to first-line antibiotics. Self-medication, over-prescription and lax poultry farmers are to be blamed.

Because of high antibiotic use antibiotic-susceptible bacteria are dying out and resistant bacteria are taking their place. It is common for people to visit their nearest pharmacy and ask for the ‘cure-all’ antibiotics even for common problems like sore throat and fever. If these patients had been a little patient, for most of them the symptoms would have gone without any medication. But sufferers, pressed for time, want immediate results, often to dire long-term health consequences.
Nepalís Sudan Moment
Sukhdev Shah
Foul Play
Charan Prasai
Transitional justice

The landmark judgment of the Supreme Court (SC) on February 26 against the flawed bills to establish transitional justice (TJ) mechanism has brought a ray of hope to the conflict victims to fight against injustice. The court, once again, has demonstrated its firm stance, making the policymakers accountable to victims. The verdict has reiterated that justice cannot be sacrificed at the altar of politics.

This appreciable judgment has ordered the Commission on Inquiry for the Enforced Disappearances (CIED), Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) Act enacted on May 11, 2014 to comply with international standards, proclaiming the heinous crimes non-pardonable. Much to victims’ relief, this SC verdict has reaffirmed the criminalization of the killing, kidnapping, enforced disappearance, torture, rape, looting, damaging of personal properties, eviction from one’s home, act of violating international humanitarian laws and crime against humanity.
Time For Rethink
Rebanta Bahadur KC
Though Nepal Auditing Service and Nepal Judicial Service have put the special service groups within Nepal’s civil services under the Civil Service Act, a sub-committee constituted by the State Affairs Committee (SAC) has submitted a new report proposing to make six different specialized service groups in civil service. These service groups are the Nepal Engineering Service, Agriculture and Forest Service, the Judicial Service, Foreign Service, Nepal Administration Service and Nepal Auditing Service. It is a step in the direction of revamping and revitalizing Nepal’s civil service as well as making it more effective, efficient, proactive and result-oriented to serve the nation and the people.

Nepali civil service is criticized as ineffective, inefficient, and dysfunctional in implementing government policies and programs as well as delivering service to the people. The ongoing practice of administrating, governing and managing civil service is the most responsible factor in creating this situation. Although the required level of manpower in civil service is being provided by the respective constitutional body—Public Service Commission (PSC)—which holds the multilayer free and fair competitive examinations, civil service administration and management is victim of the existing traditional mindset, political culture, nepotism and favoritism. Such situation is frustrating for the civil servants who aim to serve the country and people at their best.
Infographics: Education And Gender
REPUBLICA
This 2014 infographic reveals some surprising facts. Women in Nepal receive more education than their counterparts. Situation is exactly opposite in India.
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